International Association of Electrical Inspectors — September/October 2009
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Canadian Section Board of Directors Meeting, April 3, 2009 Daniel Langlois, Secretary

Daniel Langlois, Canadian Section secretary to the board, confirmed the accuracy of the board of director’s e-mail distribution list. In addition, Daniel advised that the membership cheques received from the IAEI International Office have been provided to Treasurer Steve Smith for deposit into our account. Daniel reminded President Rick Lee of his responsibility for chairing the nominations committee and providing a complete list in preparation for the fall election of the Canadian Board of Directors. The committee forum on for international board members and international committee members is up and running for use.

Daniel advised the board that he had received a message and e-mail from the certification committee chair, Mr. Scott Saint, advising that he will be able to report on his committee activities at the fall convention. Daniel reminded all board members of the proper IAEI brand logos that are available for use and that the old logos are no longer to be used.

Nominating Committee. Rick Lee, Ark Tsisserev and Daniel Langlois will serve on the nominating committee for the 2008–2009 term and nominations and vacancies were presented to the board. Rick Lee agreed to coordinate a nominations list in preparation of our fall election. There will be one vacancy to fill under executive officers, inspector. Rick Lee will provide a report to the secretary no later than August 21, 2009.

Membership Committee. Tom Arbanas reviewed activities and statistics for distributed reports and noted, specifically that the trial membership drive for members was attempted in the last two years in all sections. The results were that less than thirty percent were retained as full members. Due to costs involved for trial members, this program is to be reviewed for future attempts.

During the last teleconference follow up to this meeting, it was pointed out that although the fee increases went up and the state of the economy was concerning, this has not posed a major drop in membership. As a point worth mentioning during times like this membership becomes a focus for networking and security.

It was mentioned that the total available market statistic for inspector member should be compared to membership as a whole. This assignment was accepted as an action item and will be reported on at the fall meeting.

Tom agreed to investigate the total available market statistic for IAEI inspector member and will compare it to membership as a whole. A task group was formed to identify the total number of electrical inspectors in Canada. Tom Arbanas is responsible for collecting data on Ontario and Quebec; Shawn Paulsen is responsible for collecting data on Atlantic Provinces; and Dave Pilon is responsible for collecting data on Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba.

Lastly, Tom encouraged each Canadian Section board member to sponsor a new member this year.

Educational Committee. Doug Geralde, Canadian Section representative on the IAEI International education committee, reported the following: all sections and chapters meeting are using CEUs; IAEI’s focus on training is strong from the chapter level, sections and right up to the International Office; IAEI reminds everyone in the planning of conventions and meeting that product demonstrations should be restricted to education and training only and shall not be a sales opportunity; the CEI program is running well in the U.S. and the International Office still supports the idea of managing a Canadian CEI program; and training offered by the IAEI references both the NEC and the CEC. Doug also encouraged everyone to solicit for articles in Canada that can provide Canadian content in the IAEI magazine. Articles should be sent to Kathryn Ingley at the IAEI International Office.

Daniel Langlois reminded all board members that the CEC- 2009 Part 1 has been launched and is available for use.

Prairie Chapter. David Pilon reported on behalf of the Prairie Chapter. The Prairie Chapter has not had any activity since the last report. Dave also reported that his chapter is interested in hosting the 2013 IAEI Fall Convention in Calgary.

NB – PEI Chapter. Shawn Paulsen reported that a revitalization of their chapter was in the process. The committee reports were formally adopted.

IAEI International Update. Doug Geralde advised that CEO and Executive Director Jim Carpenter will be retiring December 31, 2009.The IAEI International Office is in the process of selecting his replacement.

Adirondack Hudson Chapter Board of Director’s Meeting, January 29, 2009 Ron Henry, Secretary

Correspondence. A letter was received from the Holiday Inn dated November 5, 2008, thanking the Adirondack Hudson Chapter IAEI for selecting their establishment for holding the November 1, 2008, Adirondack Hudson Chapter IAEI Fall Code Seminar.

A letter was received from James Colbar, recipient of the 2008 Orange Ulster BOCES, Adirondack Hudson Chapter IAEI Scholarship Award in the Electrical Construction Program. James thanked the board for the award, for the membership into the IAEI, and for the encouragement in the electrical field as he enters SUNY Delhi.

Standing Committee Reports. Chair Steve Dean requested that the Adirondack Hudson Chapter code book inventory be used to sell 2002/2005 Code books at the code seminar.

Education Committee. Chair Steve Dean asked the board of directors for a decision on his proposal to upgrade the Adirondack Hudson Chapter IAEI 2009 scholarship as follows: a certificate, a 2005 NEC Code book, a paid one-year membership to the IAEI, and a check for $150.00. After some discussion, the motion was approved.

Accident Report. Chair Paul Heroux reported on an accident in Wilmington, New Hampshire. An electrician was electrocuted working on Whiteface Mountain skiing electrical equipment. An investigation is continuing.

Secretary Ron Henry completed the IAEI International Office 2009 new officer form and forwarded the information to Natalie Coleman of the IAEI International Office.

Cape and Islands Chapter Education Seminar, April 4, 2009 Charles Palmieri, Chair On April 4, 2009, the chapter conducted a six-hour continuing education seminar focused on licensing and fire prevention regulations unique to the New England states and on the NEC-2008 code changes that are impacted by the adoption of the Massachusetts Electrical Code. Chapter member James Rogers assembled a distinguished panel including Mr. Richard Fredette (executive director of the Massachusetts State Board of Examiners of Electricians), Mr. Jeff Sargent (NFPA), Mr. Gil Moniz (NEMA and chair of CMP-1), Mr. William Laidler (inspector member of the Massachusetts Board of Fire Prevention Regulations and CMP-6), Mark Hilbert, (chief electrical inspector for the state of New Hampshire, Bureau of Electrical Safety and Licensing), Mr. Fred Hartwell (secretary of the Massachusetts Code Advisory Committee, and member of CMP-9), moderators were Mr. Charles Palmieri (Chair Cape and Islands Chapter, IAEI alternate member to CMP-7) and Mr. James Rogers (IAEI principal to CMP-4, and IAEI instructor).

Discussion included licensing requirements of the installation of photovoltaic system, reciprocity of licensing amongst the New England States, carbon monoxide detector requirements, and emergency system installations.

Regular Meeting, May 19, 2009 The May 19, 2009, meeting marked the end of the season for the Cape and Islands Chapter which serves the Southeastern Section of Massachusetts. This was a dinner meeting sponsored by the chapter. The guest speakers were Mr. Jay O’Conner of Northeast Marketing and Mr. David McBain, regional sales manager for Littelfuse. The chapter’s general business included the awarding of several scholarships (totaling $500.00) to the two vocational high schools that serve aspiring electricians on Cape Cod. A $200 scholarship was donated to Upper Cape Cod Regional Vocational Technical High School’s Golf Tournament. Additionally, four $150.00 tool scholarships were awarded at the meeting. Two additional rewards went to Upper Cape Cod graduating seniors Christo Pierce and Brandon Silva; their awards were presented by their shop instructor Mr. Mark Currie, a member of the Cape and Islands Chapter. Two additional scholarships of $150.00 each were presented to two graduating seniors of Lower Cape Cod Regional Vocational Technical High School in Harwich, Massachusetts, Kyle Curran and Mackenzie Scott; their awards were presented by Mr. Michael Ready, their senior shop instructor. Congratulations and our best wishes to the four of you in your future endeavors.

Following the awards, Mr. David McBain of Littelfuse presented a PowerPoint program on arc-flash mitigation and various methods of reducing the incident of energy during catastrophic faults. Mr. McBain presented a clear argument for quick interruption of faults within the distribution system and the negative effects of improper selection of overcurrent protection when an arcing fault occurs. The personal and fiscal advantages of reducing the risk hazard was also discussed as well as the dynamic environment of premises wiring in which unqualified maintenance can actually negate a well-engineered system by simply replacing existing overcurrent protection with like items that have different time trip characteristics. With approximately 2000 injuries reported and 450 deaths per year due to arc-flash burns, Dave explained that your first choice is to never work anything hot above 50 volts. For those rare cases where live work cannot be avoided, a brief discussion on energized work permits and selecting the proper personal protection equipment was covered. He accentuated the need for attention to detail when suiting up based on an accurate arc-flash study and assessment of the risk hazard involved. Both OSHA and NFPA 70E are the documents to follow.

Thanks to Dave McBain and Littelfuse for making his time and expertise available to our association.

The Cape and Islands Chapter will resume its monthly meeting on September 15 at 7 p.m., at the Vocational High School.

Chesapeake Chapter
Regular Meeting, May 4, 2009 Daniel Batta, Jr., Secretary

Mark Ode, staff engineering associate from Underwriters Laboratories, presented the continuing education program on “NEC Article 690, Solar Photovoltaic Systems.” Topics covered included: IEEE 929, IEEE Recommended Practice for Utility Interface of Photovoltaic (PV) Systems; UL 1741, Inverters, Converters, Controllers and Interconnection System Equipment for Use with Distributed Energy Resources; UL 1703, Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Modules and Panels; NEC Article 690, Solar Photovoltaic Systems; NEC Article 705, Interconnected Electric Power Production Sources; and NEC Article 720, Circuits and Equipment Operating at Less Than 50 Volts. The program provided 2.5 contact hours and 0.25 continuing education units. UL was also represented by Gary Babb.

The October 12, 2009, meeting will be a continuing education program on “Exit/Emergency Lighting and Systems,” presented by Gil Thompson, retired chief electrical inspector. The program will provide 2.5 contact hours and 0.25 CEUs.

Field Trip, June 2, 2009

On June 2, 2009, thirty members of the Chesapeake Chapter toured the Harry S. Truman Building, which is the headquarters of the U. S. Department of State in Washington, D. C. The building houses 2,800,000 square feet of office space for 8500 employees. The facility has forty-three elevators, 36,000 light fixtures, four 1800-ton chillers, 104 electrical closets, and six electrical vaults. Each electrical vault has four 13,800-volt primary feeds and a network protector system on the transformer secondary outputs. The tour included various behind-the-scenes electrical and mechanical areas of the building.

These areas included emergency and optional standby generators, automatic transfer switches, UPS units, battery rooms, and a television studio. In addition, a demonstration was given of the Foreseer DataTrax system. This system monitors over 6000 electrical points of the building electrical system and can be used to display a wide variety of real-time and stored data for monitoring, troubleshooting, and predictive purposes.

The tour also visited the diplomatic reception rooms. These rooms contain various priceless antiques and works of art from the late 18th through the early 19th century. These rooms are where the secretary of state entertains and meets foreign dignitaries.

The members met at the Open Bible Christian Ministries parking lot in Kingsville, Maryland, and at the BGE Energy Sales and Services Building in Woodlawn, Maryland, and travelled to Washington, D. C. by bus.

The October 12, 2009, meeting will be a continuing education program on “Exit/Emergency Lighting and Systems,” presented by Gilbert Thompson, retired chief electrical inspector. The program will provide 2.5 contact hours and 0.25 CEUs.

George Washington Chapter

Annual Meeting, May 19, 2009 David Shapiro, Secretary/Treasurer Election. All of the incumbent officers were re-elected, except for a new education coordinator, Pete Bowers. Our stalwart Harry Langway will continue to help Pete get candidates for our fall programs.

Secretary/Treasurer David Shapiro circulated a CPSC notice concerning a recall of some Fluke clamp-on meters. This recall can be found at: Pete talked about Eaton/Cutler-Hammer’s local representation, and their extranet program.

Educational Program. A number of members, as well as non-members, showed up early for some additional free training, courtesy of Southwire. Harry had lined up another fine presentation: “Meters and electrical measurements.” When we need to rely on meters to keep ourselves safe and make sure that installations are functioning properly, who do we want go to and get the lowdown about meters? Brian Blanchette is the man. He is Ideal’s tests and measurements manager, and designed some of the meters on the market today.

Brian began with basic electrical theory, and quickly went on to the implications of voltage drop. He thinks of impedance more in terms of available fault current than of voltage drop, because that is key to protective equipment being enabled to function. Ron Greenfield from O.T. Hall accompanied Brian. In addition to his day job as a sales representative, Ron is an instructor with the IEC.

We heard an amusing dialogue between him and Pete, who has bought several meters from him.

Brian mentioned combination-type AFCIs early on, talking about how the first two brands available — Cutler-Hammer and Square D — had very different designs from the later introductions, manufactured by Siemens. The latter include those that Siemens manufactured but branded as GE and Murray.

Whatever their design, AFCIs, like any other protective devices, require enough current to flow to cause them to operate within the designated time frame, however the latter is specified.

This is where the critical nature of available short-circuit current or AIC comes in. This led Brian to the main approaches for minimizing impedance: reducing the number of series connections, each of which is going to be characterized by a certain amount of impedance; and sizing conductors appropriately for length of run.

He reminded us of the need to consider the full round-trip length of each circuit in performing distance calculations, not just the one-way distance.

While the present generation of testers requires the presence of voltage to get an adequate picture of circuit condition, Brian noted that the IEEE standard is phrased in different terms, enabling testing of un-energized circuits. It recommends that we keep the total impedance over the length of any one conductor—that’s conductor, not round-trip circuit — to a quarter of an ohm.

In an older, or at least cheaper, single-family residence where one 15-amp circuit wired in 14 AWG cable takes care of the receptacles daisy-chained all over the house, if there’s any money at all there’s a window air conditioner in a bedroom. This means a relatively high-impedance circuit feeds a compressor, which tries to draw up to six times its normal current each time it starts. AFCIs may be almost useless here.

One of the assumptions intrinsic in the design of all AFCIs, he warned us, is the availability of at least 300–400 amps of short-circuit current. Brian was not saying that AFCIs generally are useless, or a bad idea. But their application carries non-obvious requirements.

To know whether an AFCI is defective, push the TEST button.

This test is pure — independent of circuit characteristics. He warned, though, that he has found consistently that AFCIs are good for about 75 trips — the number must include those caused by pushing the TEST button. After this, they won’t trip when you push the TEST button, and are due for replacement.

Brian showed bits of a white paper that he wrote titled, “The Electrician’s Guide for Testing Branch Circuits with Combination AFCI Circuit Breakers.” When the AFCI trips only in response to simulated problems in the outlets closest to the panel (or only in some outlets generally, but not all), the problem is most likely caused by loose wires or connections — or by tests made at faulty (high-impedance) wiring devices. He has found different AFCI circuit breakers respond differently at low current levels. One point he emphasized was his reason in naming it “The Electrician’s Guide...” rather than “The Inspector’s Guide” — most testing has to fall on the installer, not the inspector. Pete chimed in his agreement.

On a more-general note, Brian commented that most of the testers we are likely to be carrying are rated as Category 3 or higher, and they need to be. This rating means that they have been certified as safe up to 600 volts, good for testing anything normally found indoors. Category 2, on the other hand, is suitable only for use at a branch circuit outlet itself, and not upstream.

He went over the elements in testing branch circuits in some detail. He urged the use of thermal imagers to answer certain questions, noting that the price of at least some new units has plummeted. The discussion of thermal imaging — in some (but not all) cases related to the sorely-uneven balancing of loads, especially loads characterized by triplen harmonics, across phases — led to a comment about three-phase neutrals. He emphasized that these often are inappropriately downsized, when they should be increased, to compensate for carrying sizable additive current from more than one phase.

Nonlinear loads and the harmonics from their operation are a major part of the problem, and he discussed how to mitigate it. The only standards addressing total harmonic distortion set standards for maximum voltage to loads, even though voltage distortion exists as a response to current distortion. In very large systems, up to eight percent THD may be acceptable; almost everywhere else, five percent. In hospitals and airports, though, three percent is the maximum. The solution to these problems in three-phase systems is twofold: don’t put all of the distorting loads on one phase and oversize the neutral. The examples, from Pete as well as from Brian, were quite entertaining.

Brian noted that most problems are the result of gross mistakes, such as neutral-ground bonds downstream of the main bonding jumper. This is worse, he noted, when it occurs in single-phase wiring utilizing the neutral, because with threephase at least there is the possibility of some return current flowing through the other phases. He also aphorized on the subject of what meters are needed for troubleshooting: “No instantaneous readings carry quality information.” In discussing what sort of readings can be useful, he touched on the difference between normal meters and those testers that can report peak current.

This led him to an aside on the history of electricity generation.

Overturning the claims of Edison, the advocate for DC, Tesla developed our RMS system to measure AC, and the meters to perform these tests.

Green Mountain Chapter

Regular Meeting, May 14, 2009 Shelley Warren, Secretary

President Mason discussed plans for the next steps that we will take in pursuing licensing and inspection legislation for wiring single-family homes. He will consult Representative McCullough, the sponsor of the 2009 bill proposal, to strategize for the next legislative session.

Next we heard a report from President Mason on the state apprenticeship graduation at Vermont Technical College in Randolph, Vermont. Executive Board Member Bruce Wyman again was able to get sets of tools from Klein Tools for the top first-year students. The top fourth-year students received an IAEI membership certificate. President Mason read a thank you letter that he received from one of the first-year award winners. There were over 500 people in attendance at the graduation. Governor Jim Douglas gave the opening address. Fourth-year instructor and former chapter president Dennis Downer was also on hand to present the awards. President Mason received very positive feedback from the Vermont State Apprenticeship Council and their appreciation for our chapter’s sponsorship of this award program. He also heard from instructors around the state who said that the award program was very helpful because it added a level of competition in their classes, resulting in students working harder. More details and photos of the apprenticeship graduation can be found at: http:// President Mason proposed that the chapter further contribute to this event by providing donations to improve the reception that followed the graduation. The reception this year was substantially diminished compared to other years.

Under new business, we held our annual elections. Incumbent president, vice president and secretary/treasurer accepted nominations.

Peter Olney was elected to the executive board, filling the vacancy left when Joe Rutledge retired from the board in November.

Next, President Mason introduced some special guests joining our meeting: Elaine Eldridge, the new UL representative for our region and Thomas Malagisi the UL regional manager. Both expressed their willingness to help our members with the UL process. Mr. Malagisi offered to help our chapter with submitting code changes. They agreed to provide us with UL White Books at the next chapter meeting. We were also joined a bit later by John Cangemi, UL’s principal representative on the National Electrical Code. When President Mason introduced John, he talked about how John has been very helpful to our chapter through his support and willingness to do educational presentations.

Secretary/Treasurer Warren presented the results of the Vermonter Poll. The chapter participated in this statewide survey by submitting seven questions on licensing and inspections for single-family homes. This is a random phone survey which takes place annually. The results of the poll indicate with validity that a majority of the citizens of Vermont would like to see licensing requirements for wiring done in one- and two-family homes, state inspections of new single-family homes and a state requirement for liability insurance for those wiring one- and two-family homes.

These results will be used to inform the legislature of state-wide support for passing a licensing bill. To see the results of the survey go to Second Vice President Richard Schlieder had two announcements.

He first announced that executive board member and Eastern Section President Peter Olney had been appointed to Code-Making Panel 13. Vice President Schlieder suggested that this spoke well for our chapter and for Peter’s expertise.

Secondly, Vice President Schlieder announced that he will be retiring from his job as the state of Vermont chief of licensing and special inspections on June 20. He stated that “thirty-seven years in long enough!” Our educational presentation for the evening was a panel discussion on changes in the NEC-2008 that affects residential installations. Questions on grounding, AFCIs, concrete-encased electrodes and multiwire branch circuits were presented and discussed by Shelley Warren and Andy Rea, with much additional discussion from the attendees. We were also fortunate to have a lot of great input from the UL experts. Although consensus on how these things will be interpreted and enforced is always a goal, we were not always successful in achieving this with these questions.

We also gave out more years-of-service pins to those who had not been at previous meeting this year and who had continuous membership for at least two years. We gave out three more pins and the years of service ranged from two to ten years.

Our last order of business was to have a drawing for door prizes. Each person in attendance had a chance to win one of three books: 2008 NEC Handbook, Soares Book on Grounding, or the Analysis of Changes, NEC-2008. Three lucky people got to take home some great reading material!

New Jersey Chapter Board of Directors Meeting, April 15, 2009 Thomas Rorro, Secretary

At the board of directors meeting, Anthony Giampietro was nominated for position of treasurer.

The education program will be addressed with the goal to provide meetings that offer one CEU credit at regular meetings. Al Fiorello will coordinate with members of the northern and southern divisions who are qualified to offer CEU credits.

Since the meetings are held during the dinner hour, the idea of offering food to the members was discussed. Roy Konwiser, Dan Bush and Anthony Giampietro will consider the matter for meetings held starting this fall.

It was suggested that a small charge be added to the cost of food to pay a speaker’s honorarium and provide a revenue source for the chapter.

UL University offers courses for code officials. Some are free or discounted to members. The secretary is authorized to e-mail the offerings to New Jersey Chapter members.

The board members requested to be added to the mailing of the Skyland Division meetings with an interest in participating in these activities.

Regular Meeting, April 15, 2009 Suzanne Borek, with the New Jersey Department of Consumer Affairs’ Code Enforcement Division, presented the changes in the adopted 2008 National Electrical Code to the forty members in attendance.

FIOS installations by Verizon require a permit for work inside a building. Condos require one permit for core and one permit for each unit. Apartment buildings require only one permit for core and all units Alarm installers require a permit. If alarm panels require a connection to the grounding system, an electrician must do this if newly required 2008 “intersystem bonding termination” is not provided.

Fire Pumps. AHJs cannot require a generator unless the utility states that their grid connection is not reliable. The utility transformer must be able to supply the locked rotor current required by the fire pump. A Kenny clamp is not required to secure a grounding electrode conductor entering a panel.

NEC-2008 was approved with modifications on April 6, 2009.

It will become fully effective after a six-month grace period on October 6, 2009. Modifications to NEC-2008 are available in detail on the New Jersey Department of Consumer Affairs’ website.

The arc-fault requirement has been adopted in its entirety for new construction. Rehab code will be amended to require arc fault on all new branch circuits added to an existing panel or sub-panel.

The only approved test on an arc-fault circuit is the test button on the arc-fault device.

Since a listed dual mode arc-fault device does not exist for three-wire circuits, these circuits are exempt from the arc-fault requirement until a listed device becomes available.

Ground-fault exceptions from the 2005 Code have been retained in NEC-2008 ( sub-pumps, garage doors and freezers, for example).

NM will be allowed above ceilings in Class 3, 4 and 5 buildings but must be behind a 15-minute fire rating. For carnivals, New Jersey has retained the 2005 language.

Change is in the works to require previously exempt applicants who are electrical employees of towns and school systems to have at least a journeyman’s certification to maintain their exempt status.

Board Meeting, June 10, 2009

The division officers and board of directors met June 10, 2009, to plan future meetings and discuss chapter issues; the ten members present were Bob Delaney, Joseph Dunne, Alfred Fiorello, Anthony Giampietro, Roy Konwiser, Ed Langschultz Jr., Ed Langschultz Sr., Alfred Schroth, Richard Vigliotti and Tom Rorro.

Anthony Giampietro was elected to serve as treasurer. Official documents have been transferred.

Changes to the education program will be addressed with the goal to provide meetings that offer one CEU credit at regular meetings.

Al Fiorello will secure a list of qualified instructors from the New Jersey Board of Examiners. The secretary will obtain information on the trial membership program from IAEI International.

The UL University course offering for code officials was emailed to the membership.

Nominations for positions on the New Jersey Chapter board of directors will be held at the September meeting.

The board members requested to be added to the mailing of The Skyland Division meetings with an interest in participating in these activities. This has been accomplished.

Regular Meeting, June 10, 2009

Scott Hartman and Andrew LaSalle of Eaton Industries Corporation gave a presentation on “Arc-Fault Interrupters.” Combination three-wire arc-fault breakers are expected to be available in the fourth quarter of 2009 from Eaton Industries. Until a listed combination device is available, arc fault will not be required in New Jersey on three-wire circuits. Single breaker, combination arcfault breakers are available today.

Eaton offers a panel that re-locates the neutral bar to interface with the arc-fault breakers directly so that the white tail has been eliminated. Cost is approximately a ten percent premium.

GFI breakers compatible with this system will also be available.

Be wary of sale prices of the older branch-circuit type arc-fault breakers. They do not meet the “combination type” requirement of the NEC-2008.

Discussion was held on the testing of circuits with arc-fault breakers which have tripped. It was advised to disconnect hot circuit conductor and then use test button on breaker. If it operates properly look for fault in circuit. Otherwise, replace breaker.

New York Chapter Regular Meeting, May 4, 2009

Richard Vitolo, Secretary

President Frank Coluccio noted that the next membership meeting will be held on Monday, September 14, 2009, at Con Edison’s headquarters at 6 p.m. He explained that through the summer any members with questions can call the IAEI chapter office at (212) 946-6461. President Coluccio wished all members a healthy, happy and safe summer.

Membership. Two new members inducted into the IAEI were Warren Ostroff from Ostroff Electric and Charles Caruso from Five Star Electric.

Prior to the meeting, pizza and soda were provided by Leviton for all members. The folks from Leviton explained that they are currently moving their offices from the Littleneck Parkway location out to Melville, Long Island. Mr. Tom Degnan and Mrs. Eileen Mclohn from Leviton played a slideshow of code blunders to highlight the need for the electrical code and compliance from all electrical professionals in the industry. Eileen Mclohn from Leviton gave a brief overview of Leviton’s history as well as some new products Leviton is offering, such as LevLock technology. It was explained that these receptacles make for an easier installation that is reliable.

Tom Degnan gave a presentation on 210.12, Arc-Fault Circuit- Interrupter Protection, and a look at some emerging technologies in such fields as voice/data, energy management and home automation. Tom from Leviton explained to all the members that on the Leviton website there is a link to E-Z Learn with quite a bit of information and free training on it.

South Jersey Chapter Regular Meeting, May 12, 2009 Larry Logan, Secretary Charlie Auge announced that the New Jersey Electrical Group (NJEG), a contractor’s organization, offers free membership to all inspectors.

Bob McCullough announced that a ground clamp for CSST piping had been listed, but only for the nut. He reminded everyone that bonding of other piping systems is already covered in 250.104. Also, that Erico had a new stainless steel rebar clamp listed.

Suzanne Borek of the New Jersey Department of Community Affairs stated that NEC-2008 was adopted on April 6, 2009. Contractors may request to use the NEC-2005 for six months from the date of adoption. She stated that UL had approved categories for wind turbine controllers and components, but a field evaluation would be required for the assembly. The inverters are approved under the UL 1741 standard but no assembly. Standards for portable generators were discussed as well as when the bonding jumper should be removed on a generator installation. Again the discussion turned to the little hole in the bottom of the panel being used for the entrance of a grounding conductor. It was stated that it was not allowed in wet locations. A lengthy discussion on low-voltage lighting and listed assemblies ended with a reminder that listed equipment should be installed per the manufacturer’s directions, and that the directions are part of the listing process. Suzanne mentioned that with the push for alternative sources of power, we can expect to see more electric vehicles, fuel cell technologies and the need for storage batteries, reminding us that some car batteries on hybrids operate at 660 volts. Further discussion involved telecommunications wiring and how to price permits for the drops and floor penetrations.

Utah Chapter Annual Meeting, May 3–5, 2009 Mike Kerner, Secretary

Our annual business meeting started with a Sunday registration and social. This is where inspectors, contractors, electricians, manufacturing representatives, code-making panel members, and a variety of experts gather together in an informal setting.

Monday morning began with a welcome from the president of Utah Chapter, Layne Western, followed by recognition of attendees: Christine Porter, Northwestern Section president; Jim Imlah, Northwestern Section secretary/treasurer; Joe Andre, National Electrical Manufacturer’s Association (NEMA); Todd Lawrence, Intertek; and Douglas Marx, Rocky Mountain Power.

Classes began with Ryan Jackson covering “Plan Review,” and Chris Jensen covering “Transformers.” In the afternoon Gary Beckstrand taught “Calculations Part I,” while Noel Williams covered “Emergency Standby Systems.” After the classes were completed, the Utah Chapter annual business meeting was held. President Layne Western called the meeting to order so that we could vote on some by-law amendments.

Secretary Mike Kerner reported the finances of the Utah Chapter. The nominating committee listed the proposed names of new officers for the year 2009–2010. The votes were counted and the result was unanimous. The new officers are: President Chris Jensen, First Vice President Noel Williams, Second Vice President Mike Davis, Secretary Mike Kerner, Treasurer Layne Western, and Past President Layne Western.

We also voted on our new senior associate members, who are Photo 5. Left to right, Terry Norman, Layne Western; president, and Gary Beckstrand; instructor, stand next to the Utah Chapter of the International Association of Electrical Inspectors welcoming sign.

Photo 6. Attendees admired the “Jewelry Display” table that was part of the “Door Prizes” at the Utah Chapter’s banquet.

Noel Williams, Kurt Brooks, Terry Norman, and Gary Beckstrand.

That evening, Northwestern Section President Christine Porter swore in the new officers. The ceremony was followed by Chris Jensen, who spoke on his commitment to build up the Utah Chapter with new members; he invited all to join in and support the needed growth in the chapter.

The “Gaylen Rogers Award” was presented to Noel Williams who has worked hard over the years to promote the electrical industry. He has served on various committees with the state of Utah and is a sought-after teacher throughout the state of Utah. Noel Williams was also honored with an IAEI “Lifetime Membership.” After the dinner, a drawing was held for some nice door prizes. Terry Norman was the MC, with Layne Western, Michael Thomas, and Jason Van Ausdal presenting to the winners the prizes, which included a fantastic jewelry collection made by our very own associate member, Terry Norman of Wimmer Electric.

Classes began on Tuesday with Gary Beckstrand teaching “Calculations Part II,” and Noel Williams covering “Health Care Facilities.” Afternoon classes began with Ryan Jackson teaching “Plan Review,” and Chris Jensen covering “Sizing Motor Circuits.” Tuesday’s luncheon was sponsored by IBEW/NECA. Wednesday’s code panel question and answer session was very informative with Christine Porter (Northwestern Section president), Jim Imlah (Northwestern Section secretary/treasurer), Todd Lawrence (Intertek), Ryan Jackson, and Chris Jensen volunteering as our panel.

Florida Chapter Fort Lauderdale Division Regular Meeting, June 17, 2009 William Bender, Secretary

Bylaws. Secretary Bill Bender distributed copies of the new bylaw changes to the board members for their review. Chairman Jack Fisher called for a vote to accept the changes. A motion was made by Lou Marks and seconded by Joe McCann to accept the changes. The motion passed. The changes were signed by Secretary Bill Bender in behalf of the division and mailed to Bill Pancake.

Education Report. Chairman Tarry Baker reported that the seminar will be on “Business, Safety and Workers Compensation.” Entertainment. Chairman Al Bostwick reported that the annual golf tournament will be held on October 24, 2009, at the Woodlands Country Club in Tamarac.

Membership. Chairman Pat Richardson reported that we currently have 240 members. There were fifty-four new members signed up on a trial basis from the ABCI apprenticeship program.

We hope that they become permanent once they see what the IAEI can offer them.

Old Business. Treasurer Ted Licitra reported on the progress being made for the state meeting to be held at Fort Lauderdale in May of 2012.The board chose the Renaissance Hotel to be the host hotel.

Florida Chapter North Florida Division Regular Meeting, June 3, 2009 Alan L. Waters, Secretary The new officers for 2009 are President Richard Davis, Vice President Charles Grebe, Secretary Alan Waters, and Treasurer Dallas Stratton.

Jimmy Douglas brought the proposed changes for the next generation of by-laws back from the state meeting. We discussed the changes among all the officers prior to the meeting and agreed with them, excluding a small change in verbiage concerning the number of officers. It was presented at the meeting and a motion was made to send in the signed changes plus corrections. Those were sent to Bill Pancake the next day.

Education and Membership. Don Brindley reported we have 149 members.

This month, a representative from OSHA gave us a presentation concerning hazards and health programs.

Florida Chapter Palm Beach County Division Regular Meeting, April 21, 2009 Dan Prater, Secretary Dan Prater noted a letter received from Palm Beach County Building Official Rebecca Caldwell acknowledging our letter of appreciation for assistance given us by Richard Gathright. Also, a thank you note was received from the Vietnam Veterans Organization regarding our donation made in honor of John Smith.

Dan also reported that Richard Kurtz is slowly healing but is still having a very rough time recovering from lung surgery.

Guest Speaker. Shad Asebrook of Power & Lighting Inc. invited our guest speaker, Bob Hahn of Lumecon, to discuss the latest info on LED lighting. The biggest problem with designing luminaires for higher light levels using LEDs is heat. Most of us had no idea that LEDs produced so much heat. Heat buildup causes the LEDs to lose efficiency and give off less light. It also drastically shortens the life of the LEDs.

LED luminaires use much less power than incandescent fixtures with the same light output. Only fifteen to twenty percent of the energy radiated by an incandescent light bulb is visible to the human eye (400–700 nanometers). LEDs are very bright and their wavelength is mostly in the visible range. In fact the light from LEDs is somewhat harsh to work under for any amount of time.

They are currently better suited for security, parking garages, etc., and not task or office lighting.

LEDs are generally 12- or 24-volt dc and are driven by a Class 2 transformer. Also it should be noted that many light meters will not correctly read the light from LEDs due to the meters not being calibrated to the LEDs particular wave length.

LEDs will normally last twelve to fifteen years and are completely non-toxic to the environment. The cost is two to three times the cost of an equivalent incandescent luminaires. LED luminaires are not yet recommended for parking lot lighting but new developments in LED technology are occurring all the time.

Regular Meeting, May 19, 2009 Matt Dembrak of CRC Industries discussed many of the CRC products for the electrical industry and for general use. He gave out catalogs and introduced CRC’s line of new “green” products.

Samples of CRC 2-26 spray lubricant was given out.

New Business. Dan Prater discussed redundant grounding for circuits in patient care areas, as required by NEC 517.13. The metal raceway or cable, listed for equipment grounding, and the insulated equipment grounding conductor must originate at the panel serving the area. In dental offices, rigid metal conduit or intermediate metal conduit must be used to supply power to dental chairs if the circuit is routed through a concrete floor.

Vinny Burdo discussed the use of caution tape in an electrical trench for service conductors, as required per NEC 300.5(D)(3). Most agreed that the caution tape was cheap enough to be used in electrical trenches even if the NEC does not require it.

Bo Richards brought up a swimming pool alarm which no one seemed familiar with. It hangs over the side of the pool and alarms if anything eighteen pounds or more falls into the pool.

He gave copies of cut sheets on the “Swim Alert” by Aqua Sensor, but most did not think it could satisfy the requirements of FBC 424.

Jim Gillespie stated that a Level 1 emergency generator that is located outdoors and/or on rooftops shall be protected from lightning per NFPA 101-7.11.4.

Florida Chapter Suncoast Division Regular Meeting, April 12, 2009 Robert S. Christlieb, Secretary

Secretary Christlieb reported that he had conducted a 2008 audit and discovered that a payment had not been sent out to Tarry Baker for a continuing education class from June and July of 2008. The CEUs were credited and the secretary has verified it online since the seminar was cancelled, the refund checks have been processed and mailed. Some individuals stated that they had not received any notice of the seminar being canceled. Secretary Christlieb noted that two emails were sent out. Secretary Christlieb also received two phone calls that morning stating that it had been cancelled.

President Swisher conveyed to the division that there needs to be definitive action taken should this happen again in the future.

The group discussed ways to notify people and stressed that there be phone numbers on the fliers. The Suncoast Division agrees that all members are valuable and that we as a division need to be better prepared next time should a seminar be cancelled. The discussion then turned to refunds and future flyers. On future flyers, there will be a notice stating the possibility of cancellation without notice.

A motion to refund twenty percent of annual dues was made.

President Swisher stepped down momentarily from the chair and voiced a second for the motion. Discussion ensued and a vote made. Four counts were in favor and seven voted opposed; the motion was not approved.

In good faith, the four persons that did show up will need to contact the Suncoast Division for reimbursement and a discount on the next seminar. A call for a vote was made and all were in favor. None opposed. 2010 Seminar Committee. Gray Snodgrass conveyed information about the license renewals and suggested that we have a seminar for the NEC-2008 changes. The 2008 Code will be adopted on July 1, 2009. The effective date will be July 1, 2009.

House Bill 7049 was discussed concerning the adoption of the 2008 NEC.

New Business. Further discussion arose concerning the education of contactors for the 2008 Code changes. Gary conveyed his desire to have a seminar set up, and the division discussed setting up an eight-hour, in-house seminar. Ralph suggested providing coffee and doughnuts and keeps the expenses down. Tug suggested classes be held during the weekday, but it was decided that it may not be feasible to have contractors and their employees attend a class during a workday.

Secretary Christlieb outlined the parameters for setting up a class with continuing education units. The guidelines have to be followed for the state to accept the credits. The consensus was to have the class during the general meeting, receive no CEU units for the class, and make it free to all who attend.

Nelson Montgomery discussed the 2010 seminar and how the division would fund it. Also discussed were the possibility and effects of canceling the seminar if holding the seminar is not financially feasible.

N. C. Ellis Cannady Chapter Membership Committee, May 13, 2009 Robbie Brooks, Chairman

The committee met at the North Carolina Board of Examiners of Electrical Contractors, in Raleigh, North Carolina. The following were present: Chairman Robbie Brooks, James Steele, James Shivar, Tobbie Edwards, Pat Rose, Gus Lawson, Roy Wilson, Jesse Skinner, Al Parris and Mary Higgins.

Overview. The committee reviewed the chapter membership report as of May 13, 2009, from the database maintained and updated monthly from the IAEI International Office. As of May 13, 2009, current membership is 381 inspector members, 152 associate members and 142 expired, with a total of 675. It was noted that that this is a forty-three percent increase in membership since this committee was appointed in December 2005. Committee members reviewed the database printout and noted changes, updates, etc., to be forwarded by Chairman Brooks to the IAEI International Office. It was noted that the updates will modify the counts in the membership categories.

Region Coordinator Reports. The committee received reports from representatives for each of the four regions. Western region – the non-member list report was updated, and currently ten jurisdictions are without an IAEI member. Central region – the non-member list report was updated, and six jurisdictions are currently without an IAEI member. It was noted that Linda Main had joined as a trial member from the trial member offer as suggested during the January 22, 2009, committee meeting. Northeast region – the non-member list report was updated, and currently, thirteen jurisdictions are without an IAEI member. Southeastern region – the non-member list report was updated, and currently, twenty-two jurisdictions are without an IAEI member. Statewide summary – within the 220 jurisdictions, 169 members and fiftyone non-members Expired Members. The committee identified the follow goals and strategies: the committee will make telephone calls and/or personal visits to expired members with encouragement to renew and offer assistance such as the IAEI Direct Payment program; and the committee will continue sending reminder letters to expired members.

Legislative Update. Chairman Brooks presented an update on Legislation Bills H 1409, H 1410 and S 865/H 1532.

Public Relations and Publicity Committee Meeting, May 19, 2009 The committee members present were: Gerald Harvell, George Brendle, James Kennedy Jr., Al Parris, Tina Malchesky, John West, Roy Wilson, Mark Tighe, and Greg Smith.

North Carolina Chapter Electronic Newsletter. The committee reviewed results from our first electronic newsletter.

Statistics from the e-mailing were as follows: out of the 366 available e-mails, 22.1 percent “bounced” (invalid e-mails, misspelled emails, etc.), 48.4 percent were opened, and of those, 56.6 percent “clicked through” to look at specific pages. Although we had a large number of people look at our new “Spot the code violation and win” section, only a few entries were received. Mark Tighe submitted a great picture of a code violation for the contest.

Several aspects of improving the newsletter were discussed, including: how to get new member e-mail addresses regularly (membership committee); how to access past newsletters put on website (John); get everybody to send Greg Smith e-mail lists; send instructions when forwarding the newsletter (on how to subscribe); send newsletter one more time, ask to be added to white list or contact list (get out of spam); reminder to enter contest, which is worth $100, and provide details (Code or Analysis of Changes, shirt, AC sensor); and plan to build our e-mail list over time.

Promotional Items and NCEI Sales. At the North Carolina Electrical Institute meeting in April, we had over $3500 in sales at the chapter table. The new shirts were popular, as well as our new chapter AC voltage sensors. Also, we sold NEC-2008 and Analysis of Changes books. Thanks to the North Carolina Board or Examiners of Electrical Contractors, we were able to get a great deal on the NEC-2008, and offer them to the attendees for a discounted price.

“I am Safety Smart” Program. Al Parris reported that we have six ambassadors, and a total of twenty-two people trained for the program. It was discussed that we should find sponsors for the $500 needed for each kit, after that $200 for the kit re-fills. Greg Smith and Al Parris plan to get together to develop a strategy to get this done. With the kits, we can move this project forward.

To help promote this, we can remind any sponsors that this is tax deductible, and there can be signs at our annual meeting and a special place on the chapter website to recognize our sponsors.

Chapter Newsletter. The committee went over the regular sections for our newsletter, including our calendar, news about our members, legislation, code enactments, and continuing education for 2009–2010.

Council of Code Officials News /IAEI News Submittals.

The committee has two different publication goals — the COCO newsletter and the IAEI News. Since the COCO newsletter is quarterly and the IO magazine is bi-monthly, we do not always have something to submit for the IAEI International Office. It was noted that we need to format our IAEI News magazine submissions in the form of “minutes” in the future, starting with our next submittal.

Oklahoma Chapter Bi-Annual Conference, April 15–16, 2009 Henry Parsons, Secretary/Treasurer

President Bert Wiens called to order a meeting of the Oklahoma Chapter board of directors at 5:05 p.m., April 15, 2009. The two primary agenda items were the 2009 Southern Section meeting and the review of the slate of officers to be submitted by the nominating committee. Discussion was held on the progress pertaining to hosting the 2009 Southern Section meeting. Special guests Bill McGovern, representing the Southern Section, and John Minick contributed valuable information and suggestions on development of the upcoming meeting. The nominating committee submitted their slate of officers, which was accepted by Secretary/Treasurer Henry Parsons.

The meeting was held after the completion of the first day of the Oklahoma Chapter’s bi-annual conference. A total of twelve hours of instruction were presented by John Minick and Dick Loyd. The program used IAEI’s Analysis of Changes, NEC-2008 Power Point presentation. The conference was held at Western Hills Lodge in Sequoyah State Park, on Lake Gibson near Wagoner, Oklahoma.

A total of seventy-two members and guests attended the conference. The conference was approved by the state of Oklahoma Construction Industries Board for the continuing education requirements for electrical journeymen, contractors and inspectors.

At 2:00 p.m., on the second day of the conference, April 16, the general membership meeting and installation of officers was held. Former Southern Section President John Minick, representing the National Electrical Manufacturers Association, conducted the ceremony. The executive board for 2009–2010 is President Bert Wiens, Vice President Mickey Hort, Second Vice President Allan Stanton, and Third Vice President Ross Barrick.

Board members are Ed Jackson, Delane Keef, Jimmy Sanders, Ken Burrows, David Adcock, Gary Williamson, Joe Robinson, Jimmy Bonds, Greg Myers, and John Staires. Additional officers include Past President Les Currie, Secretary/Treasurer Henry Parsons, Membership Chairman Bert Wiens; Southern Section Representatives are John Staires (first), Les Currie (second), and Bert Wiens (third). The nominating committee for 2010–2011 consists of Chairman Bert Wiens and members Henry Parsons and Ross Barrick.Tennessee Chapter Spring Conference, April 24–25, 2009 Lee Douglas, Secretary

The code panelists for the meeting included Vince Saporita (Cooper-Bussmann), Dave Mercier (Southwire), John Minick (NEMA), Jeff Fecteau (UL), and Jim Wiseman (Square D). The guests included Ken Box (Cummins Power Generation), Jim Pillow (Tennessee Department of Commerce and Insurance), and Ashley Roberts (Tennessee Department of Commerce and Insurance).

Ken Box gave a very informative presentation on power generation prior to the code panel convening. After the morning break, Jim Pillow and Ashley Roberts discussed the proposed statewide building inspection program which includes a need for building inspectors and combination inspectors in the areas not already covered by a local building inspection program. The code panelist resumed with instruction until noon.

Lunch was provided for all participants by the IAEI Tennessee Chapter and MET Labs at the Doubletree Hotel restaurant. A special thank you goes to Heather Burr with MET Labs for their $400.00 donation towards lunch.

The meeting resumed with the election and appointment of officers and board members. Secretary Lee Douglas called forward the nominees for the 2009 Tennessee Chapter board officers and members. Board Member Emeritus Ernie Broome installed the new chapter officers and board members. The officers are President Ron Bethea (city of Memphis), First Vice President Lee Douglas (state of Tennessee), Second Vice President Chris Ferrell (city of Kingsport), Secretary/Treasurer Lee Douglas (state of Tennessee), Assistant Secretary/Treasurer Rusty Thompson (city of Maryville), and Chaplain Dan Wilson (state of Tennessee).

Board members are Chairman Amos Lowrance (city of Chattanooga); members — Jerry Archer (state of Tennessee), Bill Manis (state of Tennessee), Phil Fluri (state of Tennessee), H. L. England (state of Tennessee), and Susan Newman-Scearce (state of Tennessee); associate members Mike Evans (Electrical Systems Company); Jr. Past President Greg Taylor (city of Knoxville); and alternate member James McCarter (state of Tennessee).

Chapter candidates for Southern Section consideration: Greg Taylor, active; Rusty Thompson, active; Susan Newman-Scearce, active; and Mike Evans, associate.

Outgoing President Greg Taylor presented incoming President Ron Bethea with the gavel. President Bethea gave an acceptance speech and presented Greg Taylor with a plaque for distinguished service and then turned the floor over to the instructors.

Vince Saporita gave a PowerPoint presentation on NEC-2008 requirements for selective coordination. The code panelists resumed instruction for the remainder of the day.

President Bethea called the meeting to order on April 25, 2009, for the Saturday session. The code panel resumed with the NEC instruction.

The Tennessee Chapter offers special thanks and much appreciation to our panelists and guests for a tremendous job. Our thanks go out to the numerous contributors of door prizes for their continuing support and contributions. We also thank all of our exhibitors for their support and contributions including: Gary Richards, TUV; Paul White, John Moore & Associates; Tim Lecher, NSI; Keith Wiemann, Leviton; Chris Lockamy, MET Labs; Dustin Sperber, Cummins; and Barry Dye, Cooper-Bussmann.

President Bethea announced that the next meeting would be held at the Doubletree Hotel in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, on November 6–7, 2009.

Tennessee Chapter Chattanooga Division Regular Meeting, May 12, 2009 Amos Lowrance, Secretary The Chattanooga Division was called to order by President Thorne at 6:00 p.m., with five jurisdictions represented at this meeting and twenty-nine members and guests present.

Thomas Tripp and Ben Brody from Big Frog Mountain Energy Systems presented an excellent program on renewable energy systems and credits. They discussed the various types of solar, geothermal and wind generation systems. With the current systems out there, solar energy nets about 10 watts per square foot.

Dallas Rucker, the building official for the city of Chattanooga announced the IVR system going online for scheduling inspections.

The Chattanooga Division donated the door prizes for tonight’s meeting. Knives, tools and a 2008 NEC Handbook were given away. Membership pays in Chattanooga.

Central Arizona Chapter Regular Meeting, May 9, 2009

M. David Sanchez,

Secretary President Jim Maldonado explained that there had been a special meeting by the board of directors to propose a set of operating rules for our chapter which would be presented to the membership.

Jim asked Dave Sanchez if he were ready to present the new operating rules. Dave explained that during the board meeting today we will finalize the document and present the rules at the next regular meeting for the membership. Jim explained the purpose for having the rules was to make it easier to understand how the chapter functions day to day and also to comply with the request from the International Office. Once we have them finalized, they will be posted on our website.

Education Committee. Robert Detter (education chairperson) reported that the last class which was given on April 11, 2009, at the PEJATC was a success. We do not have any other classes scheduled as of yet but will anticipate additional classes on either the Analysis of Changes, NEC-2008 or another chapter one through four. Since more jurisdictions are adopting the 2008 NEC, we are getting more requests. Also we do have NEC-2008 code books available for sale at our cost if anyone is interested. Jim notified Bob that he also had some books available for classes and he would give them to Bob after the meeting.

Public Relations Committee. David Sanchez (chairperson) discussed the Home Show for Electrical Safety Month that was held on May 1–3, 2009. Dave thanked all the volunteers that participated — Bill Chase, Mike O’Meara, Brian Jordan, Kevin T. Mason, Jim Maldonado, Gerald Koziol and Joe Kosikowski — for giving up the weekend and manning the booth. The Maricopa County Home Show sent us a letter thanking us for our participation and saying they had received comments from attendees who were pleased to see our presence at the show and who were thankful for the education and resources they received from our group.

Jim Maldonado added that the Maricopa County Home Shows were going to add to their website a link called “Ask the Experts” and were requesting our chapter to participate by answering any questions the public might have concerning electrical problems.

This would be a good opportunity for IAEI and our chapter to bond with the community. We could provide a link to our website and then forward the questions to the proper jurisdiction or answer generally as needed. If anyone is interested in participating, notify Jim or Dave.

Fire and Accident. Jim Maldonado provided a PDF presentation on the April 5, 2009, rooftop fire at the Target Store in Bakersfield, California, which involved a PV system that was only one year old from original installation. Jim explained slide by slide the findings from the Fire Department as to what they believed caused the fire. In conclusion, it appeared as if a 3” run of EMT conduit came apart at a coupling that was not tight, which caused an arc between the ungrounded, grounded and equipment grounding conductors. Other factors included the use of an IMC/ RMC expansion fitting that was adapted to be used on the EMT for which it was not listed, the proximity of the 3” EMT raceway run to the rooftop which caused expansion and the raceway came apart, causing the conduit to fall on the conductors which were cut on the sharp edge of the compression fitting. Also, the inability of the first responder not being able to disconnect the power from the arrays which continued to supply power to the arcing conductors contributed to the fire damage. This was a very interesting subject to review and it created a lot of discussion and interest.

Jim also reviewed an accident in the city of Phoenix on April 10, 2009, where a couple of service employees were testing a fire controller when an incorrectly set voltage meter created an arc which caused a flash that burned both employees and damaged the fire pump controller. The owner of the fire pump company was training a new employee on how to test the fire pump equipment when the incident occurred. Unfortunately both employees were burned in the accident and hospitalized.

Jim also discussed the need for further awareness of arc-flash protection proper PPE and the common exposure many electricians do not provide for when working on energized equipment.

There was a considerable discussion on the lack of knowledge concerning NFPA 70E, CFR 1926 and CFR 1910, which are OSHA requirements.

Planning Committee. Jim Maldonado reported that we have met many times, had a lot of email correspondence, and have selected a site for the 2010 Southwestern Section Meeting to be hosted by our chapter. The site selected is the Hilton at Squaw Peak. Jim explained the process the committee went through in selecting the site. He also mentioned that Randy Hunter (Southwestern Section secretary/treasurer) would be in the valley in July for another meeting and would tour the site at that time. Now that we have the site selected, we must plan the activities for the meeting.

There is still a lot of work to be done. Jim also reminded us of the section meeting in Hawaii this October.

Before the meeting was suspended for the education portion, Jim passed around a new product which had been circulated to different jurisdictions as a support for raceways on rooftops. The product appeared to be made of recycled rubber tires. It did not appear to be a listed product for the application and he was wondering what we thought of the product. The group expressed many concerns about the product.

Jim began the education portion of the meeting by announcing that the scheduled presenter from Safewire Energy had a last minute change of plans and would not be able to attend the meeting. Jim explained that he was able to see the product as it was advertised at the Home Show because they had a booth across from ours. It appeared as if they were using a capacitor for power factor correction on motor loads in residencies. Perhaps they will be able to reschedule because the group had many questions on how it might work.

Jim Maldonado introduced his presentation on “Basic Plan Review.” As Jim explained a few months ago, we received an email from Mark Ptashkin from the city of Glendale asking the group to address the need for consistency in plan review methods as a topic of discussion. Because of the interest in the topic, Jim put together a presentation on plan review which would cover the basic fundamentals. Items which will not be covered include faultcurrent calculation or voltage-drop calculation as the intent is to discuss general applications. In our different jurisdictions you will find different levels of plan review and different levels of expertise. You may find plan reviews conducted by previous inspectors who may have had experience as a structural, plumbing mechanical or electrical background or by non-inspection personnel. Jim commented that he was once told, “The more you know, the more you have to enforce.” Unfortunately, sometimes plan reviews are Done by personnel who are not qualified or do not have proper certifications for what they are reviewing. On the other extreme, some jurisdictions may have engineers who are highly qualified in their field. Because of the variables with each jurisdiction, it is difficult for a designer to know what type of information and to what degree of detail to include on their plans when submitted.

Jim showed an example of a detail on a stair and discussed how the detail could be interpreted many different ways by a plan reviewer.

He also discussed the following Arizona court decision.

“Public officials may not violate the plain terms of a statute because in their opinion better results will be attained by doing so.

They have but one duty and that is to enforce the law as it is written, and if the effect of their action is disastrous, the responsibility is upon the legislature, and not upon them. But, if they knowingly, even though with the best intentions in the world, violate the law, they and their bondsman must take the consequences.” — Button vs. Nevin 44 Ariz. 247,257 Jim covered the following key points with his presentation.

Doing a plan review is quite different from inspecting an electrical project. A plan reviewer has to look at a two-dimensional plan and visualize it in the three dimensional view of what it is to become. Very similar to what the designer has to do in creating the plan, except the plan reviewer has only a few hours to review what the designer had days to research and draw. When looking at plans the plan reviewer has to ask himself, “Will this installation work and does it comply with the code?” “What is the use of this installation?”It is sometimes assumed that plan reviewers and inspectors open the plans and start looking for things that are wrong. Doing plan review is hazardous to your health. Sitting behind the desk all day takes a toll as you age. But I haven’t had to do a plan review in 115-degree weather.

The basic plan review procedure must contain (at minimum) these steps: 1) preliminary review of plans; 2) reviewing the on-line drawing; 3) reviewing the site plan; and 4) reviewing the lighting plan.

In reviewing the preliminary plans, look at the scope of work to determine what the project consists of and review the cover sheet to determine the intended occupancy type, size and construction type of the building. Note whether the electrical sheets are listed in an index and verify that all sheets are in the set, and also note the intended use for the project. Ask yourself if there are special requirements based on the proposed use or function. Review the architectural site plan to familiarize yourself with the layout of the building as it sits on the property.

Verify the physical location of the project. Use this information to determine the utility company serving the power to this project.

This information may also be available on the electrical site plan.

Briefly review the architectural floor plan sheets to familiarize yourself with the building floor plan. This is usually where you will find room designations, dimensions, and references to details for interior elevations, building cross sections, area separations, etc. For large projects with several panel schedules, it is helpful to sketch a small grid in pencil at the bottom of the panel schedule sheets. Draw enough squares to write in the panel designation for each panel and use this as an index for the sheet. For large projects with several plan sheets, it helps to use “sticky notes” to mark the one-line, panel schedules, lighting and power sheets, and any sheets with related details.

In reviewing the on-line diagram, compare approximate feeder lengths with fault calculations. After reviewing the one-line diagram and panel schedules, review the electrical site plan.

When reviewing one-line diagrams, start at the utility company transformer, and determine the available fault per utility company chart. Use either the architectural or the electrical site plan to determine which utility company serves this project. Then, it is important to determine: single or multiple service disconnecting means (230 Part VI); voltage, amperage, system phases and AIC rating of service-entrance equipment (110.9); grounding (250 Part III , Part IV ); bonding (250 Part V); continue in linear manner from the source to the last service main, one feeder at a time; overcurrent device size and type (230 Part VII, 240, 310.15); feeder conductor size and type (230 Part VII, 240, 310.15); panel or equipment rating; and voltage, amperage, single-phase or threephase and AIC rating of service-entrance equipment (110.9). Review the site plan and determine what types of fixtures are shown; also verify that they correspond with the fixture schedule or lighting detail on the site plan sheet. Verify the circuits and conductor sizes; when conductor sizes are increased due to longer runs in parking lots, etc., verify compliance with 250.122(B). All branch circuits and feeders should have panel and circuit designations, conductor sizes and types, equipment grounding conductor sizes, and conduit types and sizes. Verify that there are working clearances around exterior electrical equipment. If there is a detail for pole-mounted site lighting fixtures, note whether the height will be acceptable to the site reviewer. Pools, spas, and other water features should be on the site plan and circuits for them should be reviewed at this time (NEC 680).

One of the most important issues for lighting plans is the circuiting for emergency and exit lighting. Verify that the circuiting complies with NEC 700.12(F) or the exception. Review the symbols on the plan and verify the definitions in the symbol legend. Then, review the light fixture schedule to determine whether the emergency and exit fixtures are backed up with internal batteries or will be fed from a generator. Review the fixture types shown on the plan and verify the descriptions shown in the fixture schedule. Check to see if there are any “HID” fixtures to be installed and verify whether the emergency lighting scheme will comply with NEC 700.16. Verify that the fixture voltage matches system voltage. Verify that lighting circuits and loads correspond with panel schedules, and note locations of all lighting panels and verify clearances per NEC 110.26 For track lighting, determine total length of the track shown and verify that the load shown on the panel schedules complies with 220.43. Note whether exhaust fans located in bathrooms are connected to the local area lighting circuits. If not, the fans should be shown on the power plans. Review any interior signage shown.

Some interior neon or LED lighting may be included in the lighting plan. Note the connection of any specialty lighting and verify how it is controlled. Check to see if there are any “HID” fixtures to be installed and verify whether the emergency lighting scheme will comply with 700.16. Verify that the fixture voltage matches system voltage, and that lighting circuits and loads correspond with panel schedules.

Note locations of all lighting panels and verify clearances per NEC 110.26. For track lighting, determine total length of the track shown and verify that the load shown on the panel schedules complies with 220.43. Review any interior signage shown. Some interior neon or LED lighting may be included in the lighting plan. Note the connection of any specialty lighting and verify how it is controlled. Dimming panels may control some lighting. Verify that the dimming panels are shown on the one-line and a panel schedule and calculations are provided.

Because of lack of time, Jim was not able to cover his whole presentation but did provide a web site which included a lot of good plan review information. The presentation can be found at: Plan_Review_Procedure Jim also recommended using Ferm’s Fast Finder and having various NEC tables commonly used as quick reference materials.

Other items include: plan review check lists, good magnifying glass, well lighted work area, plenty of red pens, and a well used approval stamp In review of comments and discussion during the presentation, the following were key points of discussion. There are different levels of plan review by jurisdictions because of the different experience levels of plan reviewers. During review of electrical plans, sometimes not all the plans are given to the reviewer and key information is not available that might be found elsewhere such as on architectural, site or mechanical drawings. Often addresses are not known which could be helpful for determining utility or site requirements. Often instead of design then build, it becomes build then design because of the scheduling requirements. Out-of-state designers often are not aware of local requirements by jurisdiction and utilities. Often revisions to plans are not submitted as created.

There was also some discussion on how other locations across the country handle plan review.

Jim asked if there was any old business to discuss. There was no response. He asked if there was any new business. Herbie Moulton brought in a new terminal that can be used with high-voltage splice boxes that was listed for two conductors which he shared with everyone. As there was no other new business, the meeting was adjourned.

Northern California Chapter General Meeting, March 18, 2009 Christopher Lovin, Secretary Membership Committee. Marv Millet will start checking the member lists and begin updating them.

Education Committee. Bob Walsh confirmed the meetings for the rest of the year: September 30, 2009, at International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers JATC Local Union 617, 625 Industrial Road, San Carlos; and November 18, 2009, at the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers LU 302, 1875 Arnold Drive, Martinez, (925) 228-2302.

Educational Program. The program was on, “Seismic Qualified Electrical Equipment.” Fred Paul with Eaton Corporation discussed what seismic qualified really means and which codes and standards apply. Does “ground” versus “roof” location make a difference and where you can find all “site specific” data for your project?

2009 Executive Board. The Northern California Chapter’s 2009 executive board consists of President Robert Walsh, city of Hayward; Vice President Rhonda Parkhurst, city of Palo Alto; Secretary Christopher Lovin, Eaton Corporation; Treasurer Dorsey Wiseman, city of Milpitas; CEI Chapter Representative Tom Weekes, TUV Rhineland; Southwestern Section Representative Michael O’Connell, county of San Mateo; Education Committee Chair Tom Weekes, TUV Rheinland; Membership Chair Marv Millet, city of Oakland (retired); inspector members — James Reed, city of San Francisco, Joel Garcia, city of Oakland, Robert Vignalats, city of Richmond; associate members — Jim Baca, Empire Electrical Sales, Ashley Harkness, Electrical Reliability Services, and Henry Hinds, IBEW Local 6/city and county of San Francisco.

Southern California Chapter Border County Division Regular Meeting, April 14, 2009 Rusty Anderson, Secretary Membership Report. Darold Wiley asked the attendees if anyone is attending this meeting for the first time. Ernie Veloz, city of Oceanside, responded that this was his first actual meeting but he has been a member of the IAEI. He’s been with the city for some time. First, he worked the counter and then the last ten years he has been a building inspector, with the last eight years working in the field. Darold told the attendees that if they know anyone who is not a member of this organization to please bring them to next month’s meeting and the visitors will be given a temporary six-month membership.

New Business. Nancy Martinez reported that the Southern California Chapter is going to host the 2010 CEI in San Diego March 17–20, 2010. It will be at the Doubletree Hotel in Mission Valley (where it was held before). The education committee is currently seeking input from the local division for the kind of training they would like to see offered.

Education Program. Rich Berman, UL, gave a presentation on “Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupters —Protection Offered.” Before we can talk about protecting an arc, we have to define what is an arc? It’s a luminous discharge of electricity across an insulating means. For our purposes, where do arcs most commonly occur?

The answer is we see them from cable stapling (either a puncture or stapled too tight), from punctures from picture hanging, from loose connections, or from cords in doorways, or underneath or behind furniture.

What does an arc fault look like? He showed a picture of an arc fault (the immediate blast was the size of at least a grapefruit) from a normal 120-volt branch circuit supplying a hair dryer that had had its cord pass the cycling test and then eventually break, creating the arc. The instantaneous arc can ignite combustible material located at the fault without tripping a standard overcurrent device.

There are a couple of different types of arc faults that we are trying to protect against. The first is a series fault which occurs when one of the current-carrying paths (conductors) is broken. The second one is a parallel fault which occurs when there is a break in the insulation and an arc occurs between two conductors of opposite polarity.

A ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) performs a completely different task than an arc-fault circuit interrupter (AFCI).

A GFCI is designed to trip at a very low level of current. Typically at 4–6 milliamps it will trip to prevent an electric shock. Whereas, with an AFCI, we aren’t looking for personnel protection; we are trying to prevent fires. An AFCI can provide some ground-fault protection but in the 30–50 milliamp range. This would be more for equipment protection and, again, not personnel protection.

An AFCI is looking for an electrical signature of an arcing fault.

It recognizes it before there’s enough energy to ignite combustible material and will trip. There should be no problem installing an AFCI breaker on a circuit with a GFCI device. Again, either type of arcing fault will not trip a standard overcurrent device.

UL performed a study in their lab and analyzed aging electrical wiring that was removed from 25–30 houses (built from 1910– 1920s) that were going to be torn down. Rich noted that it was amazing that the wiring did not cause an electrical fire because of the way some of it was installed (workmanship issues). The wiring that was installed properly appeared to be fine.

In the beginning of the development of AFCI technology that occurred in the early 1990s, several circuit breaker manufacturers independently approached UL about concepts of circuit breaker protection for arc faults. And about the same time the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) contracted with UL to conduct a study about different emerging technologies for detecting real live conditions that could cause fires. Specifically, they were looking for a low cost device that would give people with little expertise a certain degree of protection from fires without having to rewire (upgrade) existing older homes. Today, we still have not gotten there but we’re getting close. The organizations involved in the research are, as mentioned before, UL and CPSC, National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA), and Electronics Industry Alliance. This last one is interesting. They represent the electronics appliances manufacturers. This involves large appliances and the reason they were involved was because they were getting blamed for house fires. At the time, these large console televisions or refrigerators, or other appliances were sitting on top of or pinching their cords and were causing arcs. So they were getting blamed for the type of cord that came with the appliance. Thus, after further research, in 1999 UL released the Standard 1699 for arc-fault circuit interrupters.

A member asked, “Aren’t AFCIs subject to nuisance tripping?” The response was that we have received numerous complaints/ reports about nuisance tripping from compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs), different types of power tools, cell phones, fitness equipment, etc. and around 99 percent of the reports we cannot validate even though we’ve tried to replicate the installations. What we are finding is that the AFCIs are doing their job and are detecting a condition that something is wrong and that this could cause a fire if an AFCI doesn’t trip. So, when they are doing their job (tripping) it’s very hard to locate the problem. Thus, in order to fix the problem (cheaply), people are just replacing the AFCI with a standard circuit breaker and the unknown arcing location continues on. Part of Standard 1699 includes immunity testing so we don’t have unwanted tripping. The bandwidth of radio frequencies has been expanded so that, as stated before, cell phone usage doesn’t trip an AFCI which was probably true. The Standard has been changed to include the bandwidth of cell phones. If anyone does know of or receives a complaint about nuisance tripping from an AFCI, please contact UL about this situation because they want to insure that the technology isn’t thrown away because of these reasons or any other one.

There are different types of AFCIs: branch/feeder, combination (required as of January 1, 2008), outlet circuit, outlet branch circuit (receptacle), and LCDI (cords). (Rich then distribute and discussed a summary chart of protection offered and not offered from the aforementioned types.)

“Is there an issue with sharing neutrals?” Yes, you cannot use AFCIs on multi-wire circuits right now. But, it was discussed that there may be some single-pole breakers which may work.

The testing (nuisance tripping) of AFCIs was described such as injecting one with high in-rush current so as to try to replicate the installation of a CFL, or making a slice in a cable and wrapping a fire indicator at the location to see if the arcing will ignite the indicator. They also test them with the operation of power tools.

According to Rich, these “unwanted nuisance tripping” tests were unable to be duplicated during their inspection process in the laboratory.

As for the NEC, AFCIs were first mentioned in the 1999 edition. This was based upon the first proposal being presented to Code-Making Panel 2, because it was said that more than a third of all houses fires are started from fixed wiring. So, the Code started slow, just like with GFCIs, and had a definition introduced in 210-12(a), “an AFCI is a device intended to provide protection from the effects of arc faults by recognizing characteristics unique to arcing and by functioning to de-energize the circuit when an arc fault is detected.” Every manufacturer’s AFCI is built internally different to recognize an arc-fault and so they are proprietary and nobody really knows how they are built. But each one has to pass the standard in order to comply.

So what part(s) of a circuit are required to be protected? You have receptacle outlets and utilization equipment. So, what is an outlet? It is “a point on the wiring system at which current is taken to supply utilization equipment.” And utilization equipment is “equipment that utilizes electric energy for electronic, electrome chanical, chemical, heating, lighting, or similar purposes.” In 1999, NEC 210-12(b) said, “all branch circuits that supply 125-volt, single-phase, 15- and 20-ampere receptacle outlets installed in dwelling unit bedrooms shall be protected by an arcfault circuit interrupter(s). This requirement shall become effective January 1, 2002.” It was mentioned in 1999 but wasn’t required because the Code wanted to give everyone time to think about it.

This would allow people time to object prior to its enforcement date; so this was basically a trial period.

Then in 2002, the Code said we should continue to require AFCIs. The effective date was removed from the language because it was 2002. But the section added “listed to provide protection of the entire branch circuit.” So, a receptacle AFCI device was no longer allowed for protection; the protection needed to start back at the panel.

Prior to NEC-2005, there were arguments about removing the requirement, or people were trying to expand it. But, the Code added language “…supplying outlets…and combination type….” But, the enforcement date wasn’t until January 1, 2008, because the manufacturers didn’t have their act together for making the combination-type AFCI (series/parallel). The big box stores are now carrying this type of AFCI and are phasing out the branch/ feeder type.

Also, 440.65 was added that required “single-phase cord-andplug- connected room air conditioners shall be provided with factory-installed leakage current detection interrupter (LCDI) or AFCI-protection…shall be integral part of the attachment plug.” The reason air conditioners were picked is because of the way they are stored (during the wintertime across the U.S., but not here in San Diego). The LCDI requirement was added for the manufacturers because older homes do not have AFCI protection.

For NEC-2008, there were additional proposals made, such as “all outlets.” CMP-2 said they would accept that proposal but they were going to amend it. The panel agreed that AFCI-protection would be required for 120-volt 15-and 20-ampere branch circuits everywhere except where GFCI-protection is required. This doesn’t make a lot of sense since they function for totally different reasons and they don’t interfere with each other.

How come someone hasn’t made a main breaker that is an AFCI? If you have one that trips, it could be very difficult to isolate the problem. So, someone would perhaps just install a standard breaker to eliminate the tripping. There does need to be a technology that can pinpoint the arcing location.

There were proposals to require AFCI-protection for any panel upgrade. Or to require them for dorm rooms, hotels, assistedliving or daycare facilities, specific appliances, or extension cords.

For NEC-2011, proposals have been submitted and we are now in the commentary stage. There may be more changes for AFCIprotection… stay tuned AFCI indicators sometimes work and sometimes they don’t — why? These testers introduce an arc but the AFCI manufacturers were getting smarter about what is an actual hazard and their product lines have recognized this and will not trip. Thus, the only way to truly test an AFCI is to push the test button.

How many times does the standard require the test button to be pushed before it is rendered useless? After reviewing the standard, the response was at least 3,000 cycles.

There are several common myths about AFCIs. The first is that based upon current fire loss statistics (stats are not current) AFCIs are no longer required — untrue. The second is that they are too expensive and thus cost prohibitive (with the NEC-2008 — approximately $150.00 total per house). There is also the rumor that they do not protect against ground faults, high resistance, or glowing connections. True, ground-fault protection is at the 30–50 milliamp range and not at the 4–6 milliamp range (GFCI protection).

And the glowing or loose connections may not trip an AFCI; but as a result, when the insulation is being removed/damaged, the device will operate (trip) because of this secondary arcing.

Another rumor is that they cause nuisance tripping. There is no need to discuss further, as the standard addresses these concerns.

One discussion centered around the fact that they don’t protect against all arcing faults — this is somewhat true. One new rumor (at least for the meeting) was that they may have issues in low temperatures, below 0 degrees Fahrenheit. Rich is going to look into the matter and get back with any information that he finds.

Inspectors. Nancy asked the listing agencies about a contractor installing luminaires tested by a NRTL that had lost their listing capabilities as of January 1, 2009. The products were manufactured prior to the date that they lost their NRTL accreditation.

So, what is the correct method on how to handle this situation?

Apparently, the NRTL wasn’t following the proper procedure for performing follow-up inspections. It was determined that each jurisdiction must decide on what they will or will not allow. Just because a piece of equipment has a mark on it doesn’t mean the AHJ has to accept it, if he or she thinks there is something wrong with it.

Rusty mentioned that he had conducted a final inspection at a veterinary hospital that had a stepped-down generator that supplied power to a 24-volt x-ray machine and the NRTL mark, E File Number and warning label were not visible. The installer gave him a photocopy of the labels. Then after speaking with Nancy, he called Met Laboratories and described the situation. Their representative informed him that the manufacturer hadn’t completed all of the paperwork with their company in order to apply this particular label (this was resolved). Also, the affixed labels have to be visible and are not allowed to be shipped in the mail.

Testing Agencies. Rich Berman handed out the latest edition of the Code Authority from UL and he also passed around copies of the Product Guide to Inspections.

Contractors. Jim Whiteaker, Dynalectric, stated that SDG&E has a new policy for environmental review for natural and cultural resources when digging for a project. His concern is that the document states that this process may cause a delay in your project (residential and nonresidential) for up to eight weeks. Bruce Barnes, SDG&E, said this process is new to them and that they are still working on the details. And there won’t be any further “courtesy” inspections until there has been an environmental review.

Utilities. Bruce mentioned that the list of 500 addresses that was compiled for those sites which were missing (stolen) their grounding electrode have been corrected. He noted the short time frame it took for these sites to come into compliance.

Regular Meeting, May 12, 2009

Membership Report. Darold Wiley, city of Oceanside, said we started out this year with eighty-five members in our division, and we now have 141 members. Darold then introduced and welcomed three new first-time attendees and gave them each a free six-month membership to the IAEI. The board has also accepted a mentoring role for about thirteen to fourteen new members each. They will help the new members with any question they may have, including how a jurisdiction will make a certain call on an item.

Education Report. Mark Chrysler, city of San Diego, reminded everyone that each month’s presentation and the presenter’s bio are posted ahead of time on our website. A flyer was made available about the upcoming training on the 2008 Nonresidential Energy Code being held at the Electrical Training Center for inspectors. We do have a full education program for the remainder of this year. He also extended an invitation to anyone who would like to hear about a particular electrical issue to please send him an email.

Old Business. Nancy Martinez, city of San Diego, mentioned that at the last meeting a question arose from Rich Berman’s program— if two-pole combination type AFCIs are commercially available? Rich contacted her recently and said Siemens does have one available on the market but he was not aware of whether any other manufacturer has one.

Nancy also said that she’s not the only one who reads the minutes because she received a call from someone who read the published minutes (IAEI News) and would like to clarify the minutes from her presentation about the requirement for legally-required standby generators for elevators serving disabled access in a building. She said it should say above or below the level of discharge which is essentially five levels and not four levels.

Rusty said the minutes reflect an answer to the question he had for Rich Berman, UL, and how many times is an AFCI supposed to trip before it is rendered useless and Rich said the standard requires 3000 cycles.

New Business. Pat mentioned an article he read that the future of solar energy is in space. Solaren Corporation has reached an agreement with Pacific Gas & Electric to provide solar energy using giant orbiting panels in space by the year 2016. The question is, Are inspectors going to get new vehicles in order to inspect this?

A discussion transpired about a PV fire incident that recently occurred on top of a commercial building in California. It was realized by the fire department that there was no way to eliminate the DC power generated from the arrays. Scott Humphrey, GE, noted that it was a series-short that started the fire and that installing a DC disconnect would not have stopped the fire.

Pat said that we’ve had a run on small wind turbines lately, without a standard to go by. But, John Taecker, UL, told Pat that there will be an announcement forthcoming about a new UL Outline of Investigation 6140 and 6141 written for wind turbines.

Nancy mentioned that we have now placed a basket at the signin table as a gentle reminder to leave a tip for our server because we sometimes forget.

Education Program. Mark Owens, eti Conformity Services, gave an excellent presentation on “Arc-Flash Hazards and Analysis.” He mentioned that there are two major electrical hazards— shock and arc flash, and that arc-flash protection is relatively new to the industry.

In order to protect from these hazards, we need to be able to quantify the hazard and that’s the big issue. A shock hazard is fairly easy because you just need to know the voltage of the equipment.

However, with an arc-flash hazard, how do we know what the hazard is? Yes we need to know the voltage (energy) but the biggest factor is time. When we know (quantify) the arc-flash hazard, then the appropriate PPE gear is simple. To quantify a hazard, we need to calculate the incident energy for the particular switchgear, if it were to fail. To quantify a hazard, it is 2.0 calories per centimeter squared and that’s the flash hazard at 18 inches. Eighteen inches is the standard used because that’s the working distance from a worker’s face and body to low-voltage switchgear. The type of voltage will determine the distance to that gear. So, if someone is using a hot stick, the distance used will be different.

There are two different types of faults—bolted and arcing.

The one to be concerned with is the arcing fault. Bolted faults have high impedance and you will want the fault cleared very, very fast. We have high current levels with a transformation of electrical energy to kinetic/dynamic energy. The busbars are being stressed but not a lot of heat is being produced.

Arcing faults is the passing of current through air or plasma.

With this, you have a higher resistance and per Ohm’s law this means the lower the current level. So, with the fault current this means our reaction time (circuit breaker tripping) is going to be longer. This also means extreme temperatures that match the surface temperature of the sun! You also have explosive pressure and all of this means severe damage.

Copper expands 67,000 times when it turns from a solid to a plasma state. With this fact, you have switchgear that has copper busbars in the back and this would appear to be a canon ready to explode.

Mark then showed a video of two guys “racking out a breaker” and then an arc-flash incident occurred (the breaker didn’t trip). Second degree burns require only 1.2 calories per centimeter squared. To accurately determine the potential arc flash, you need to perform a short-circuit coordination study.

There are software programs available, but these are not good enough because you need to really know what is going on with a particular site.

Arc flash analysis occurs for basically all industrial electrical systems greater than 240 volts and 75 kVA transformers. With an arc-flash incident, we need very quick tripping mechanisms and thus routine maintenance of equipment is critical for this to occur.

So, workers need to be safety trained.

There are two standards that we need to fall back on in order to perform an analysis. The first one is IEEE 1584, which establishes the calculations for incident energy-technical information and not safety items. The other standard is NFPA 70E. This is the safety document.

The NFPA method is much stricter (600 volts and below) and may not be applicable; the IEEE method is much broader (280 volts– 15kv+). In the short-circuit range, the NFPA method is only 16,000 amps–50,000 amps of available fault-current; whereas, the IEEE method is 700 amps–106,000 amps.

There’s a difference between the arcing-fault current and the short-circuit fault current. The short-circuit fault is basically a bolted fault current. The arcing-fault current is based upon the incident energy. The NFPA method uses a real simple formula of 38 percent of the short-circuit current is the arcing current.

This isn’t always accurate. The IEEE method uses empirical data gained from tests, and they use a complicated formula to calculate the arcing-fault current; this is much more accurate. If you have an arcing-fault current at 10,000 amps or 50,000 amps, the method used will make a difference on how fast that 2,000 amp breaker is going to trip.

The IEEE method is the preferred method that most electrical engineers use and it is the most conservative method.

In NEC-2008, 110.16 has added new language “such as” to make it clear that the requirement was not limited to the equipment mentioned on the list. There is still some ambiguity because it doesn’t say how far do you go? The IEEE Standard recommends that systems fed from a 125 kVA transformer or less and systems 240 volts or less need not be considered.

The labeling of equipment is not clear at this time but future editions will make it clearer as to what information will be required on labels and who is responsible for putting the label on the equipment. If a piece of equipment exceeds 40 calories, a person is not allowed to work on it live.

Someone from the f loor (who will remain anonymous), asked how many people here have worked on systems without PPE? Most of the electrical contractors in attendance raised their hands. Mark noted that it’s a cultural change that needs to occur here—just stop working on gear that is hot. An industrial plant just may have to shut down to perform maintenance, which is a nuisance to the plant owner, but it may just have to happen. Also, if someone gets hurt, someone could be going to jail.

If a face shield is required (per 2009 standard, everything Category I and above) as part of the PPE, it must say “arc-rated” face shield. The 2004 standard does not require a face shield at Category I. Pictures were then shown of two guys who didn’t wear face shields during an arc-fault incident and the damage they incurred to their faces, especially the one guy whose eyes were open during the blast.

If you take a standard installation for an industrial building where the utility feeds from their 1500-kVA transformer and it’s stepped down to 480/277-volt three-phase service with a 2000- amp main breaker with typical settings, when you do the calculations it comes out 20 calories! And second-degree burns occur at

1. 2 calories. The trip time is 1/3 of a second.

The same example as above, except the main breaker will not trip for whatever reason, the result is 78 calories! And remember you can’t work on equipment that exceeds 40 calories.

Then Mark gave an example of the same scenario but the utility changed out the transformer and installed a 500 kVA. The result is a huge blast, because the lower flow of current means a longer delay (25 seconds) in tripping the main breaker.

Lastly, another example was given with the same scenario but an electrical engineer performed the necessary calculations and adjustments were made to the main breaker (set to trip at 8000 amps and at 0.3 seconds) and the incident energy was brought down to 80 calories. It was said that all of the settings are for the equipment installed at the time of final inspection. Then, down the road, a large motor is installed within the facility, and all of settings are now off.

Contractors. What are the requirements (bonding) for two services on the same building? Response: Per 250.58 they are required to be connected to the same grounding electrode(s).

Are AFCIs required for “bachelor pads”? Response: Does it qualify as a dwelling unit per definition, permanent provisions for cooking?

A plug-in microwave does not qualify as permanent cooking.

Utilities. Bruce Barnes mentioned that old meter resets (an inactive service for six months) is required to have AHJ release but no service work order will be written because the meter socket is already there.

Iowa Chapter Spring Educational Meeting, April 15–17, 2009 Barb Mentzer, Secretary

David Fierke, Fort Dodge city manager, welcomed everyone to the city and briefly encouraged all to travel around and see the sights. Sullivan then welcomed guests to the conference: Tom Lichtenstein with UL, Ed Larsen with Square D, Don Iverson with NEMA, Western Section Secretary Mike Forister, and Pat Merrick, state of Iowa chief electrical inspector. Sullivan followed with his presidential comments to the Iowa Chapter membership.

Forister then took the podium to give a membership report from the IAEI International Office and an update on Western Section items. Sullivan read a letter from IAEI Western Section President Dave Williams, and Iverson then provided a report from NEMA.

Iowa Chapter Secretary Barb Mentzer provided a report on the conference and updates to the agenda.

Sullivan presented the following recommendations from the nominating committee for the 2009 officers: President Joe Mason, First Vice President Mel Duncan, Second Vice President Tony Servantez, Secretary Barb Mentzer, Treasurer Don Thompson, Education Jerry DePenning, Publicity Dennis Jordison, Membership Rick Chambers, Past President Dave Sullivan, Western Section Representative Dwight Kramer, and executive board members —Jeff Cooper, Rob Weber, Mike Wetter, and Gary Snell. The slate of officers was approved by voice vote.

After a short break, Mel Sanders won the first of many door prizes to be given out over the course of the conference. Sullivan then introduced Mike Munson, regional sales manager with Cummins Generators, for the first segment of our educational program.

After another short break, and a prize for Gerald Schall, Sanders spent some time going through the first few code panel questions as we had a bit of time to kill before lunch was ready.

When back from lunch, Richard Gruver won the next prize.

Dale Wion, an apprenticeship instructor for the Iowa NJATC, was the afternoon presenter. His information and knowledge of Soares Grounding was very beneficial to all in attendance. Two more breaks were taken over the course of the afternoon with Tamora Brown and Darien Uetz winning the prizes.

Attendees met early Thursday morning at the annual Mike Forister Code Breakfast. While enjoying more tasty food from “The Cellar,” tables of teams competed to find answers to twenty questions. NEC-2008 and UL White Book were both used as references. Winners would be announced later in the conference.

Once back at the meeting location, John Wiles, with the Institute of Energy and the Environment at New Mexico State University, provided an all-day seminar on photovoltaic systems.

Several breaks were taken throughout the day, and winners this day included: Joe Mason, Mike Marling, and Brent Buls.

At the annual banquet, Mike Forister installed the new officers for 2009. Years-of-Service Awards were acknowledged; certificates will be coming from the IAEI International Office. The recipients this year were Robert Wasielewski, 40 years; Calvin Hamann, 35 years; Mel Sanders, 35 years – in attendance; Mike Kessler, 30 years; Richard Hellwig, 25 years; John Phillips, 25 years – in attendance; and Jerry Reding, 25 years.

Mel Sanders was also presented a plaque from the Iowa Chapter to recognize his years of dedication to the IAEI and the NEC.

He was not expecting the extra recognition, but greatly deserves the accolades.

After some comments from the new president, Joe Mason, the entertainment for the evening was a local electrician who moonlights as a magician. With his son giving him a hand, Larry Dunbar put on an entertaining show for the attendees.

On Friday, the last day of the Spring Conference began with Forister providing the answers and winners of the code breakfast.

With only fragments of a point separating the teams, table 9 — consisting of Roger Zeig, William Moore, Stan Johnston, David Rickels, John Phillips, and Gary Wehrman — won the top prize.

Prizes were given to the top three teams and, of course, to the last!

Tom Lichtenstein presented an updated look at the 2008 UL White Book; copies of the book and CD were available to all in attendance.

After a short break, Pat Merrick, chief electrical inspector for the state of Iowa, and Barb Mentzer, vice-chair of the Iowa Electrical Examining Board, held a question and answer session on the new Iowa electrical licensing and inspection laws. With so many questions covering many topics for the two, time ran out to have the code panel discussion. All code questions and related answers will be posted on the Iowa Chapter website.

2009 Spring Business Meeting, April 17, 2009 Secretary Mentzer requested two refunds for conference fees for members who were unable to attend and their count was removed from food and lodging numbers, Adam Fedders and Gary Snell; these refunds were approved by the board. Finally, a motion to approve payment of all invoices before the Iowa Chapter until the spring 2010 meeting was approved.

In his membership report, Rick Chambers discussed a twelvestep program for retaining members and also a mentoring program he is establishing to help new members become familiar with the IAEI and other members.

Under old business, the website was discussed and it was confirmed that the code questions would be posted, along with any other code items which surface between conferences. Also the October registration form will be posted immediately after arrangements are confirmed. Another item to be on the website will be forms for officers and members to use for reimbursement for Western Section meetings. Dave Sullivan, Tony Servantez and Mike Wetter will design forms and have them posted online.

Keeping with the Western Section discussion, the Iowa Chapter’s ad was next on the agenda. Sullivan moved to spend $500 on the break sponsorship with a full-page ad this year, and this was approved. Mentzer will get the order form to Forister and work with him to design new ad copy for the chapter.

New Business. The fall educational meeting will be held at Riverside Casino near Iowa City on October 15–16. Thursday evening will be the executive board meeting with the educational portion on Friday. Ideas for topics include Kohler – Square D transfer switches, NEC 547 (Jeff Cooper), and CSST bonding.

Topic ideas for the 2010 spring meeting were one- and twofamily dwellings, back to basics, calculations, among others. Those will be discussed in July and October. Jerry DePenning will start looking into possible instructors.

Advertising became the next topic and many ideas were discussed. Jordison and Chambers will work on getting press releases out to local newspapers about Iowa Chapter members and events coming up in the area. Use of email lists from IABO and the State Electrical Board may also be an option to disseminate information. Getting information in the hands of suppliers and contractors was brought up; Sullivan has an extensive email list of distributors. DePenning has flyers designed and will provide copy to all who wish to distribute.

A Train the Trainer class will be offered at this year’s Western Section meeting. Iowa Chapter participation is encouraged; however, the chapter will only pay for those instructors working on behalf of the Iowa Chapter, not personal businesses. An email will be sent to all members to gauge interest before the July meeting of the Executive Board.

President Mason would like to send a letter to the Iowa Electrical Examining Board asking for a possible change in their meeting dates in October and April as to not conflict with our already designated conference schedule. Mentzer will draft a letter and send to Mason for approval. Also a letter to the State Fire Marshal, Jim Kenkel, and State Building Code Commissioner, Stuart Crine, will be drafted thanking them for allowing several state of Iowa inspectors to attend the conference and letting them know how vital they are to our organization.

The final round of prizes were given out with the top three prizes being: $250 — Bill Noack; chrome pliers —Rob Weber; and Fluke heat sensor — Dennis Jordison The chapter would like to extend a huge thank you to the Waterloo office of Van Meter who provided the majority of the door prizes for this year’s conference.

Minnesota Chapter Spring Meeting, April 15, 2009 Marcus “Sam” Sampson, Secretary/Treasurer

Education and Code Panel chair Jamie McNamara noted that an exceptional inspector code panel would follow the meeting after a short presentation by guest speakers Beth Anderson, PE of Anderson Engineering of New Prague, and Gary Sherburne, PE, regarding the importance of field evaluations for unlisted electrical equipment. Jamie thanked inspector members John Williamson, Tim Miller, Richard Owen, Harold Miller and Dean Eggert for their participation on the code panel. Jamie asked the membership to assist him in finding quality continuing education for chapter meetings.

It was also announced Legislative Liaison John Schultz noted that the department had a clean-up bill before the legislature this year, but no major changes were expected. He also stated that the report from the Administrative Law Judges was due next week regarding the Board of Electricity proposed rules requiring continuing education for registered unlicensed individuals. As North Central Electrical League liaison, Mr. Schultz mentioned that the NCEL scholarship program was ongoing and that over $200,000 had been given to NCEL member’s children for college tuition over the last twenty years.

Membership Tim Miller reported that chapter membership has stayed constant at 235 members and encouraged everyone present to share the benefits of membership with the folks they meet on the job. He reminded everyone to that while most every electrical inspector in the state is already a member, others can become associate members.

Retiring Scholarship Committee Chair Ron Gnotke and Earl English of American Midwest Power drew the names of the four winners and two alternates for the scholarships to the IAEI Western Section Meeting in Bloomington, Minnesota, this September.

The winners are: Dan Moynihan of the city of St Paul, Gordy Wagoner of the city of Minnetonka, Scott Elias from ETL, Randy Edel, state contract inspector, and alternates Dan Jambor of St Paul and Joe Wheaton, state contract inspector. Congratulations to all the winners and alternates.

Sunshine Committee Chair Tom Tobias noted that a get well card was sent to John Berg and sympathy cards were sent to Keith Hollnagel and Scott Novotny for losses in their families.

2009 Western Section Committee Chair George Cusick reminded everyone that the annual section meeting would be right here in Bloomington and that this is a tremendous opportunity for anyone who has never experienced one to attend. He noted that the committee had arranged for comediennes Tina and Lena to welcome everyone at the reception on Sunday evening, Department of Labor and Industry Commissioner Steve Sviggum would present the opening remarks on Monday morning, local sports writer Ron Schera and his dog Raven would be the guest speakers at the banquet on Tuesday night and the evening would conclude with dance music from the Red Rock Swing Band, a 14-piece bigband ensemble. Sixteen hours of approved continuing education will be offered, including presentations on the top ten significant proposals to the NEC-2011, motor installations, variable speed drives, and lighting control systems.

It was noted that the Construction Codes Division of the Department of Labor and Industry would not have a booth at the Minnesota State Fair this year, so volunteers would not be needed for setup or staffing.

Ohio Chapter Annual Meeting, May 4–6, 2009 160 attendees, 31 guests Tim McClintock, Secretary/Treasurer

The Ohio Chapter 83rd annual meeting was held in Richfield, Ohio, at the Quality Inn & Suites.

The meeting was approved for ten credit hours for Ohio Electrical Safety Inspector certification and ten hours of code for Ohio Electrical Contractor Licenses. Also, 1.2 CEUs were also awarded for the 2009 meeting. Additionally, the Ohio Board of Building Standards awarded ten credit hours for building official, residential building official, electrical plan examiner, residential plan examiner and master plan examiner certifications.

First Vice President Dewayne Jenkins provided the reply to the welcome, followed by the report of the board of directors. Tim McClintock provided the secretary/treasurer’s report and each of the respective divisions of the Ohio Chapter followed with their reports.

Membership Chairman Ron Schapp provided a recap of chapter membership. Ron presented the Howard B. Talbot Membership Award to the Western Reserve Division, for the greatest growth in membership this past year.

Ron followed with the Ohio Chapter membership contest drawing. The first drawing was for a $100 VISA gift card and the winner was Joe Cenzori. In order to be eligible, a member was required to recruit one new member. The second drawing required recruiting a minimum of two new members and the winner received a $100 VISA Gift Card and one-year IAEI membership dues paid by the Ohio Chapter. Winner for the second drawing was Jack Jamison.

Oran P. Post provided the historian report. An exhibitor booth was set up for everyone to view older editions of the NEC, along with other Ohio Chapter keepsakes. Each year O. P. provides a different assortment of Ohio Chapter relics.

President Joe Voros addressed the meeting and appointed Steve Ritzenthaler as nominating committee chairman, Mike Mihalisin, audit committee, and Joe Cenzori, resolution committee.

A report of the Western Section was given by Dave Williams, Western Section president followed by a report from the IAEI International Office by Western Section Secretary Mike Forister.

Mark Earley, chief electrical engineer for NFPA, provided a report of NFPA.

Introduction of the exhibitors was provided by Pat W. Mc- Curdy with Springfield Acme Electric. A total of eleven exhibitors were on hand to discuss their products and services.

Introduction of the Program Moderator Ron Schapp introduced Alan Manche, from Square D Company, who gave an intriguing presentation on “The 2011 NEC — A look into the Crystal Ball,” which concluded the first day’s events.

Monday evening guests were on their own and for those attendees staying at the hotel enjoyed music in the lounge by DJ Rich Vittardi, a member of the Western Reserve Division.

Tuesday’s meeting was called to order and included a presentation entitled “NEC Articles 700, 701 and 702,” provided by Phil Simmons, representing the National Armored Cable Manufacturers Association (NACMA). Carol Ross of the Ohio Construction Industry Licensing Board (OCILB) followed with an update on OCILB activities.

Following Ms. Ross’s presentation, it was time for O. P. Post, past member of CMP-6 and code panel moderator, to assemble the code panel and answer code questions. Excellent representation of the code panel was apparent with the likes of Western Section President David Williams, Secretary Mike Forister, Mark Earley, NFPA, Phil Simmons, NACMA, Luis Bas, Intertek, Don Iverson, NEMA, and Tom Moore, CMP-11.

Additionally, excellent representation from divisions within the Ohio Chapter rounded out the code panels with Herb Porter, Jack Jamison, Stephanie Swan, Pete Baldauf, John Grivensky, Joe Cenzori and Joe Holbrook.

Ron Schapp presided over the “Buckeye Award,” following the Buckeye Luncheon. Bob Kohli was the proud recipient of this year’s Buckeye Award.

Immediately following lunch, Billy Phillips, executive secretary to the Ohio Board of Building Standards (OBBS), provided an update on OBBS activities and the Ohio Code Academy. Billy announced that he will be retiring from the OBBS effective July 31, 2009.

Following the afternoon code panel discussion, Luis Bas with Intertek rounded out the afternoon with a presentation, “Field Labeling — All You Need to Know.” President Joe Voros asked for the report of the nominating committee. A call for other nominations was made and there being none, an election was held. Officers for the coming year are: President Dewayne Jenkins; First Vice President Doug Baxter; Second Vice President John Grivensky; Immediate Past President Joe Voros; and Secretary/Treasurer Tim McClintock. The board of directors includes inspector members Joe Holbrook, Stephanie Swan, Kenneth Bolyard and Joe Cenzori, Associate Member Ronald F. Schapp, and Western Section Representative Tom Moore.

Tuesday evening’s banquet consisted of excellent food and numerous door prizes. The Ohio Chapter awarded four $1000 Steve Tobin Memorial Scholarships this year with the help of a joint sponsorship by the Akron and Southwest Divisions for a fourth scholarship. The scholarship winners are Kayla Beard, Nick Hardy, Jennifer Holderman and Shane Smith. Joe Cenzori presented the prestigious Fred O. Evertz Award to William (Bill) Marzola.

Western Section President David Williams installed the new officers for the ensuing year and Joe Voros received the past president’s plaque. Joe thanked everyone who was instrumental in making the 83rd annual meeting a success, including the local committee, sponsors, contributors, exhibitors, and the Quality Inn & Suites.

President Dewayne Jenkins invited everyone to attend the 84th annual meeting to be held at the Kings Island Resort in Mason, Ohio. The evening concluded with the excellent entertainment of music and fun trivia questions by Rich Vittardi.

The Wednesday morning session opened up with the “O.P. Porter Code Breakfast,” moderated by Mike Forister. Following a full buffet breakfast, seminar delegates participated in a code question and answer session. The code panels concluded the educational portion of the meeting. President Dewayne Jenkins called for unfinished business, the resolution committee report and the audit report. President Jenkins thanked those in attendance for an excellent 83rd annual meeting.

Guests at the Ohio Chapter 83rd annual meeting were kept busy with tours of the James A. Garfield Home, Root Candle Factory, Miss Molly’s Tea Room & Gift Shop and visit to the Medina County Antique Mall. The guests program concluded Wednesday morning with a presentation by Marie Santoli on how you can deter, detect and defend yourself from identity theft.

Ohio Chapter Western Reserve Division Regular Meeting, March 10, 2009 George Foster, Secretary/Treasurer

Secretary’s Report. Joe Cenzori reported on the progress of George Foster and Jerry Gerber. George had a tumor removed from his brain and is recovering. He has more testing to be performed and will know more when the results come in. Jerry had a total left hip replacement. He is home and not able to put pressure on his foot for at least six weeks. He seemed in good spirits when Joe called him. We all wish both of these gentlemen a fast a full recovery.

Good of the Order. Joe Cenzori and Keith Foulkes brought a motion on the floor to not have a Western Reserve Division booth at the Electro Expo this year; the motion passed. The cost would have been about $1000.00. With the development seminar coming in May, the executive board felt the money should be spent on the seminar. The Western Reserve Division will still sponsor two classes from 2:00–4:00 p.m. each day of the Expo. The course will be on Article 250 and George Foster and Joe Cenzori will be the instructors.

New Business. Jack Bene’ presented a handout on grounding a separately derived system.

A special thanks to Erico on a wonderful lightning seminar put on by Chuck Cooley.

Regular Meeting, April 14, 2009 Secretary’s Report. Joe Cenzori gave an update on George Foster’s condition. George is going in for an upper lobe removal of one lung to get rid of a cancerous tumor. Joe welcomed back Jerry Gerber after his hip replacement surgery. Jerry stood up and thanked the membership for the card and told us of his recuperation.

New Business. Joe Cenzori announced that Bill Marzola will be the recipient of the Fred O. Evertz award this year at the 83rd development seminar. Bill was one of the founding members of the Western Reserve Division. Congratulations, Bill!

Regular Meeting, May 11, 2009 Joe Cenzori was acting secretary/treasurer for George Foster who is convalescing from his lung surgery. Joe reported that the 83rd development seminar came off as a good success.

The Western Reserve Division won the Ohio Chapter divisional membership award for 2009. The board of directors was impressed with our performance, especially when all the other chapters lost members.

Out of town members from the IAEI International Office and the Western Section found our membership application to be in violation with a trademark infringement. The keystone symbol was altered on the application as well as on the website. Mark Rom re-designed the membership application and Joe Cenzori re-designed the website. We are now in compliance. The IAEI International Office sent an e-mail to Tim McClintock expressing how impressed they were with the Western Reserve Division’s quick response to correct the items of concern, while preparing for the 83rd Development Seminar.

Keith Foulkes had his wife take most of a day to find a large get well card for George Foster. Keith passed it around the 83rd Seminar for all in attendance to sign.

Joe Cenzori expressed his thanks to the Executive Board for all the hard work they put in this year to make the 83rd Development Seminar a success. And a special thanks to Keith Foulkes for all of his leadership.

Good of the Order. Jerry Gerber gave a history of the partnership between the Western Reserve Division and First Energy. Jerry noted that it started in the 1960s before electrical inspectors were required to be certified. He noted Ed Loesch spearheading the task to get the state of Ohio to certify all electrical inspectors. Jerry played a main part in this process as well. Jerry gave a history on our movement from one First Energy facility to another starting at the St. Clair facility then to 55 Public Square, East 24th Training facility, Oaktree Blvd., 4100, then to our current Miller Road facility.

Mark Valo was presented a plaque by Dick Straka and Ted Athanas The division would like to thank First Energy for all the support they give us year after year.

Bill Brinza passed a thank you card around for the attending membership to sign for NECA and IBEW Local 38 for their $2000 donation for the Buckeye Luncheon at the 83rd Seminar. Their donation was greatly appreciated.

Ted Athanas brought a motion on the f loor requesting a USPS mailing of the Western Reserve Division membership application to be sent to all members. Jerry Gerber asked Joe Cenzori if it was still feasible to go back to mailings now that we are electronically mailing and posting all our forms.

Joe expressed his concerns of the expense since the division just spent $4000 to $5000 this last two months on the 83rd Development seminar. Volunteers on our executive board have worked hard as a team to move the division forward with electronic reporting, mailing and posting. This was set up to eliminate the costly and time consuming USPS mailings.

Other organizations were getting the message of electrical safety out to most of our members before the Western Reserve.

The Western Reserve Division was the last inspectionrelated organization to go electronic in Northern Ohio. Being an electrical organization you would think we would have been the first.

Our cost savings will take a hit, not to mention the extra burden imposed on volunteer members who already help maintain our current system. No other North Ohio inspection organization uses USPS mailings. They too have members without computer access, yet all seem to coexist.

Mark Rom has been working hard on an accurate data base of our membership. This has been a project he has been working on for the last year. He is still working to supply an accurate membership list, and membership cards. Previous records are quite old and Mark has to filter through names, some deceased, some retired, etc. We will try to achieve the mailings in as timely of a frame as possible. The motion to mail applications by USPS was unanimously approved.